Modeling and Control Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) with Hybrid Drivetrain

Muhammad Arieb Salam, Rusdhianto Effendi Abdul Kadir, Nurlita Gamayanti


With the rapid development of unmanned surface vehicle (USV), the development of hybrid electric vehicles on USV is a technology that has a very important role to overcome the problem of how long the vehicle can be used. In hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), the main components consist of generators, electric motors, and batteries. Modeling component is intended to design models that fit on unmanned surface vehicle and represent the state of USV with hybrid drivetrain. This paper focuses on modeling USV with hybrid drivetrain. This vehicle uses a series configuration so that the generator act as a power generating system. The power system on USV was chosen using hybrid sources of DC generator and lithium-ion battery pack. The optimal size of DC generator and battery pack are very important to ensure that USV can work for a long period of time. This paper describes the simple characteristics of a DC generator with a PI controller and gain-scheduling PI controller which is accurate in generating 380V output voltage according to the initial plan to be built. We also described the model of permanent magnet dc motor as a driver in USV and described simulation about 200Ah 36V lithium-ion batteries. The development of this model will be represented in MATLAB/Simulink.

Keywords: hybrid drivetrain, hybrid electric vehicle, period of time, unmanned surface vehicle.


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