Comparison of Amplifiers Utilization in Instrumentation to Record Muscle Signals in the Neck for Electrolarynx Applications

Muhammad Hilman Fatoni, Nabilah Ashriyah, Tri Arief Sardjono, Mohammad Nuh


Electrolarynx is an assistive technology commonly used by speech impaired people to speak. The speech impaired people who have lost their larynx (laryngectomee) or have damaged larynx use an electrolarynx device to be able to speak again. The use of the electrolarynx is generally equipped with a button to turn on and start the generation of sound from the electrolarynx. Several studies have tried to use other control methods by using the muscles in the neck, namely the sternohyoid muscle. Activation of the sternohyoid muscle has an influence on sound formation. The sternohyoid muscle is a small and long muscle so recording EMG (electromyograph) signals from this muscle is quite difficult. If the recording process of this signal can be carried out properly, then the electrolarynx control by empowering this muscle will be another solution in using the electrolarynx. In this study, instrumentation amplifier which is an important stage of recording EMG signals of neck muscle was tested and compared. There are two types of instrumentation amplifier tested. The first instrumentation amplifier uses a single IC from IC AD620 while the other is a combination circuit of IC OP07. The EMG signal in the subject's neck muscles was then recorded using the instrumentation amplifiers. The subject will sit down and pronounce the vowels "a", and "i". From the testing process, it was found that the average gain on IC AD620 (minimum 1.74362 volts and maximum 3.70538 volts) was greater than the gain on IC OP07 (minimum 0.57779 volts and maximum 1.71190 volts). IC AD620 also has an overall use area of 5.61 cm2 with the use of 4 external components. Thus, it can be concluded that the best instrumentation amplifier for recording EMG neck muscle for electrolarynx application is by using IC AD620.

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